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The pulmonologic investigation program includes:

  • Appointment with a physician (medical history, differential diagnosis, the creation of individual screening program)
  • Total and specialized spirometry (measures the lung volumes by breathing into a machine)
  • BGA – test (arterial blood measurement)
  • Diagnosis of respiratory rate, chest wall movement
  • Identification of infectious agents using specialized blood tests (some bird types)
  • Exposure to toxins (asbestos, tobacco smoke, coal mining fumes)
  • Diagnosis of hereditary diseases like cystic fibrosis
  • Diagnosis of autoimmune diathesis that can predispose to lung diseases ( pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary fibrosis)
  • Chest X-ray
  • Bronchoscopy (visualization of airways inside)
  • Bronchography – radiological technique which is rarely used to diagnose bronchial carcinoma, tuberculosis and other bronchopulmonary diseases
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) especially in case of lung cancer
  • Laboratory blood tests (e.g. arterial blood gas measurements)
  • CT scanning (MRI scanning is rarely used)
  • Scintigraphy and other methods of nuclear medicine
  • Polysomnography (sleep studies) usually applied for the diagnosis of Sleep apnea
  • Final consultation includes discussing diagnosis results and further therapy

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